Vehicle Walk Around: Tsefa Mine Clearing System Trailer

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

The IDF Tsefa mine clearing system trailer, Mleeta Memorial, Lebanon.

MUTT In Lebanon (4): the M151 with various operators

A NLP 'Noumoor Al A7rar" militia M151A1 with M40 recoilless rifle in 1976 at the beginning of the Lebanese Civil War.

A South Lebanese Army militia M151A2 next to the "Good Fence" in the late 1970s or early 1980s.

A UNIFIL FIJI BATT M151A2 in southern Lebanon during the early 1980s

An unidifined IDF or SLA M151A2 in Beirut in 1982.(via Mathieu).

 

A convoy of IDF M151A2 Shmira moving into Lebanon at the Israeli-Lebanese borders in 1982.(HUA)

An AMAL militia M151A2 in 1984.

Another AMAL militia M151A2 in 1985.(Via Mathieu)

A Lebanese Forces militia M825 in the mid 1980s.

An IDF M151A2 Shmira in southern Lebanon in 1988.

An Ex-SLA militia M151A2 left as trophy in a yard, Southern Suburbs of Beirut, 2001.

Another view of the same Ex-SLA militia M151A2 left as trophy in a yard, Southern Suburbs of Beirut, 2001.

 

More M151 MUTTs in Lebanon can be seen in Samer Kassis book “30 years of military vehicles in Lebanon”

 

Time Travel: Tyre Barracks in 1982/83 (through the eyes of a peacekeeper)

The 1982 remnants of Lebanese Army FV 4101 Charioteer tank destroyers rusting under the sun since 1978. These tanks were used by the Arab Lebanese Army in clashes against the IDF in 1978. Both types of 20-pounder gun can be seen on these Charioteers.

A Lebanese Army KrAZ-255B remnants can be seen on this photo.

A IDF M3 Pikoud seen in the Tyre barracks vicinity.

A UNIFIL DutchBatt DAF YP408 in Tyre, 1982.

An IDF M325 Patrol in Tyre barracks vicinity.

 

A Lebanese Army Charioteer looking like standing guard for ex-Lebanese Army Sherman Firefly. Both types of Sherman Firefly can be seen here.

 

Lebanese Army Soldiers in front of M35 trucks, Tyre barracks 1982.

 

Photo Credits: hein van houten/Flickr

Eyewitness Report

An interesting article to read is the excellent eyewitness report found on Pierre Bayle’ s blog about key dates in the modern history of Lebanon. The author’s personal journal covers a period of time between the 14th of September 1982 till the 11th of October of the same year. The journalist exposes the facts which happened those days as well as his personal experience. The text is supported by a very nice number of photos taken within this period. Some of them are the following:

A remnant of the Battle of Beirut, a toyota Land Cruiser BJ43 armed with an SPG-9 belonging to a Lebanese Leftist militia

IDF Magachs in Ain El Maraysseh sector next to the Hotels.

IDF Merkava Is in front of the PLO offices in Beirut.

Another view of the same vehicles

An IDF M579 and Bardehlas in front of Cadmos Hotel, Ain El Maraysseh sector

Another IDF Bardehlas

An IDF Bardehlas next to the Lebanese Ministry of tourism, Hamra sector.

IDF vehicles in Beirut Seaport, note the rarely seen M725 Ambulance. A Pikoud and an M151A2 can be seen on this picture.

An M113 of the Italian Battaglione San Marco of the Multinational Force in Lebanon.

An Italian Bergeleopard 1 of the MNF

French VABs of the UNIFIL/MNF in Beirut.

When an Italian Fiat AR76 Campagnola meets a French Hotchkiss M201 in Beirut.

An US Marines M274 Mule of the MNF

A US Marines LVTP-7A1 of the MNF

A Lebanese ISF Harley Davidson FLH next to French MNF troops.

Lebanese Army M113 next to the old Moscow Narodny Bank building, Hamra sector.

Other views of the same Lebanese Army convoy. Vehicles are M35s, Dodge D600 and M113s

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A Lebanese Army M113 of the same convoy

Lebanese Army M113 of a Defense Brigade in the Ring sector.

A Lebanese Army Dodge D600 truck

the URL of Pierre Bayle’s blog is : http://pierrebayle.typepad.com/pensees_sur_la_planete/septembre-82-beyrouth.html

Other pages of his blog covers the Iran-Iraq war in 1980 as well as the First Gulf war in 1991 with magnificent photos as well.

The BM-24-12 in the IDF

In the Soviet Army, the multiple rocket launcher (MRL) BM-24-12 succeeded the BM-31-12 in the late 1950s. It was seen for the first time during the Soviet 1953 parade, the launcher system was then originally mounted on the back end of a ZIL-151 6×6 truck. The system is  composed by 2 rows of 6 launcher rails located on a rotary framework. Each rocket, the 240 mm M-24 type, is loading manually. The original carrier, the ZIL-151 truck, is equipped with two stabilizing jacks deployed together on the soil before firing to hold the platform. The crew consists of 6 gunners: the windshield and doors windows are equpped with folding armor plates, lowered when firing. The fuel tanks are also protected from rocket’s exhaust by armor plates.

According to SIPRI, 30 BM-24-12 systems were delivered to the Egyptian army between 1964 and 1965, and were, during the 1967 war, the standard multiple rocket launcher of the Egyptian artillery, with the Czechoslovak 130 mm M51.

The Egyptian military parade in Cairo, in the 1960s, showing the Czech M51 (vz.51) 130 mm MRL mounted on the Praga V3S truck. This system was part of the Egyptian arsenal since 1954. Notice, on the door, the Egyptian artillery corps insigna. (Google Life picture)

After the Sinai fighting, the IDF captured a signifiant number of this MRLS. The Israelis found them quite useful to the point that the decision was made to incorporate them into the IDF artillery inventory.

An Egyptian BM-24-12 on ZIL-151 truck, abandonned somewhere in the Sinai Peninsula, during the Six Days War. Note the Egyptian army license plate on the mudguard.

Another example from 1967, captured by the Israeli army with its ammunitions. Notice the impressive 240 mm rocket loaded in the launcher rails.

20th Yom Ha'atzmaut in Jerusalem, May 1968 : freshly repainted for the occasion and with Israeli license plates, two recently captured Egyptian BM-24-12 on ZIL-151 are followed by two M51 on Praga V3S.(communa.seooptimal.com)

A number of improvements were made by the Israelis on the basic vehicle:  The ZIL-151 truck carrier was replaced  and the BM-24-12 was mounted then on a ZIL-157 body, more rugged than its predecessor. Several additional devices are visible on the new chassis, as a tool holder mounted on the fuel tank, and two additional brackets for jerrycan mounted on the front mudguards. Three portable fire-extinguishers provide the immediate protection in case of fire. Others improvements were made to the original BM-24-12 system, like an israeli design firing mechanism. Standard IDF communications equipment are also fitted. At the same time, the Israeli military industry (I.M.I.) began developing and manufacturing its own rockets.

The Israeli BM-24-12 MRL was first showed to the public in 1971, when the IDF introduced their news acquisitions, like the M-113 APC and the M109 SPG. Some sources indicate that two independent battalions were equipped with the BM-24-12. But the existence of only one battalion is proved, the 270th, which begins the 1973 October war on the Syrian front, and was later moved into the Egyptian front. During the fighting, the battalion commander was killed in action. After that the ammunition ran out, the batteries returned on the northern front but didn’t see any action, the cease-fire with Syria having taken effect.

Alongside the new M109s SPG, the Israelis BM-24-12 was showed to the public in 1971. Here, gunners demonstrate the loading of 240 mm rockets.

25th Yom Ha'atzmaut in Jerusalem, May 1973 : the ZIL-157 body can clearly be seen, as well as the other the Israeli additional upgrades.

The batteries of the 270th battalion were also deployed during Operation Peace for Galilee, in 1982, where they participated in the siege of West Beirut. Another independant battalion was  established during this conflict, using the 122 mm BM-11 MRL, the north-korean copy of the Soviet BM-21, mounted on Japanese Izuzu truck. This battalion was dismantled after the Lebanese War.

The crews of a BM-24 battery makes the final adjustments before firing on the Golan front, October 1973.

Text by Mathieu Morant.

Photos provided by the Author.

1968 Parade

IDF M48A2 during the military parade, 20th Yom Ha’atzmaut, Jerusalem, May 1968

IDF AML 90 during may 1968 parade

IDF AMX-13 during May 1968 parade

IDF Centurion MK.5 w/L7 105mm gun during May 1968 parade

IDF Centurion ARV Mk 2 during May 1968 parade